All About Guinea Pigs

Have you recently decided to get a Guinea pig? Guinea pigs, also known as cavies, are very popular pocket pets, and with good reason. These little furballs are not only very gentle and easy to care for, they are super cute! In this article, your local vet Indianapolis goes over basic Guinea pig care.


First and foremost, you’ll need to get your new pet a suitable cage. Guinea pigs are very active and curious, so your little furball will need plenty of room to run around. One piggy should have about 7.5 square feet of space. Once you have the cage, you’ll need to add a suitable substrate. There are several options to choose from, including paper and corncob. Avoid cedar or pine, as these are dangerous to small animals.


Guinea pigs are very intelligent and curious, and need plenty of toys to stay entertained. Chew toys, willow balls, tunnels and mazes, and treat toys are a few great toy options. You can also make your own out of everyday household items, such as toilet paper tubes or cardboard boxes. Make sure to change out your furball’s playthings regularly, so he doesn’t get bored!


Guinea pigs can have a commercial food as their basic diet, but you’ll want to supplement it with other things to round out your little pal’s nutritional regimen. There are lots of fruits and veggies, such as carrots and bananas, which you can feed your pet. Make sure to include some with a high Vitamin C content, as cavies will develop scurvy if they don’t get enough Vitamin C. Always research a new food to be sure it’s safe before giving it to your Guinea pig, as there are many foods they cannot digest. Your furbaby will also need lots of fresh water!

General Care

As with any pocket pet, you’ll want to scoop out your piggy’s cage daily. More thorough cleanings should be done regularly, about once a week or so. Your little furbaby will also need some time outside of his cage, so he doesn’t get bored. Guinea pigs are generally very friendly and curious, and many enjoy being petted. You can even teach your little furball some cute tricks, like walking on a leash!

If you have any questions about caring for Guinea pigs, please contact us, your local vet Indianapolis.

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